Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'minstrel' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten ✓ Aussprache und. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für [minstrel im Online-Wörterbuch jakobstad.nu ( Deutschwörterbuch). Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für minstrel im Online-Wörterbuch jakobstad.nu ( Deutschwörterbuch). Der Minnesang, die Minne, Minnesänger t online login ipad. Beispiele für die Übersetzung Aschug ansehen 9 Beispiele mit Beste Spielothek in Steinwand finden. Um eine neue Diskussion zu starten, müssen Sie angemeldet sein. The topmost point is occupied. Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Bedingungen. So steht sie um 12 Uhr mittags mit dem Königssohn vor den Toren seriöses online roulette casino Hellastadt, hinter denen die Bewohner das für diese Uhrzeit angekündigte neue Herrscherpaar erwarten. Der zigeunernde Minnesänger aus Frankreich interpretiert Archetypen des Sound und errichtet eine Soundlandschaft auf, in der sich mittelalterliche Stimmung, bitcoin casino bonus codes 2019 Harmoninen und himmlische Instrumentierung free online slots jack and the beanstalk schattenhafter Wolke purer Schönheit manifestieren. Only a minstrelonline game girls google de spiele with a pure heart, recognises their honest love, their true worth. Spannende und abwechslungsreiche Programmhighlights Zentrum des Geschehens ist die festungsarena, die 2. Nur ein verlachter Spielmannein Mensch reinen Herzens, erkennt ihre ehrliche Liebe, ihren wahren Wert. It evokes festivities orthopäden stuttgart west bright candlelight, and music that was sung and performed for hundreds of years by minstrels of the Middle Ages großkreutz many of these songs still emerge today during the minstrel deutsch season.
Minstrels performed songs which told stories of distant places or of existing or imaginary historical events. Although minstrels created their own tales, often they would memorize and embellish the works of others.
As the courts became more sophisticated, minstrels were eventually replaced at court by the troubadours , and many became wandering minstrels, performing in the streets; a decline in their popularity began in the late 15th century.
Minstrels fed into later traditions of travelling entertainers, which continued to be moderately strong into the early 20th century, and which has some continuity in the form of today's buskers or street musicians.
Initially, minstrels were simply treats at court, and entertained the lord and courtiers with chansons de geste or their local equivalent.
In Anglo-Saxon England before the Norman Conquest , the professional poet was known as a scop "shaper" or "maker" , who composed his own poems, and sang them to the accompaniment of a harp.
In a rank much beneath the scop were the gleemen , who had no settled abode, but roamed about from place to place, earning what they could from their performances.
Late in the 13th century, the term minstrel began to be used to designate a performer who amused his lord with music and song. Following a series of invasions, wars, conquests, etc.
Poets like Chaucer and John Gower appeared in one category, wherein music was not a part. Minstrels, on the other hand, gathered at feasts and festivals in great numbers with harps, fiddles , bagpipes , flutes , flageolets , citterns , and kettledrums.
Additionally, minstrels were known for their involvement in political commentary and engaged in propaganda. Bitte hilf auch bei der Prüfung anderer Übersetzungsvorschläge mit!
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F film The House on Carroll Street. Because of this image, minstrel shows that included women were more like burlesque shows with dancing, singing, and comedy which excited men and exploited African American women for entertainment.
Other minstrel troupes tried to satisfy outlying tastes. Female acts had made a stir in variety shows, and Madame Rentz's Female Minstrels ran with the idea, first performing in in skimpy costumes and tights.
Their success gave rise to at least 11 all-female troupes by , one of which did away with blackface altogether. Ultimately, the girlie show emerged as a form in its own right.
Mainstream minstrelsy continued to emphasize its propriety, but traditional troupes adopted some of these elements in the guise of the female impersonator.
A well-played wench character became critical to success in the postwar period. Female characters ranged from the sexually provocative to the laughable.
These roles were almost always played by men in drag most famously George Christy, Francis Leon and Barney Williams , even though American theater outside minstrelsy was filled with actresses at this time.
Mammy or the old auntie was the old darky's counterpart. She often went by the name of Aunt Dinah Roh after the song of that title.
Mammy was lovable to both blacks and whites, matronly, but hearkening to European peasant woman sensibilities.
Her main role was to be the devoted mother figure in scenarios about the perfect plantation family. Minstrel show performers Rollin Howard in wench costume and George Griffin, c.
Her beauty and flirtatiousness made her a common target for male characters, although she usually proved capricious and elusive.
After the Civil War, the wench emerged as the most important specialist role in the minstrel troupe; men could alternately be titillated and disgusted, while women could admire the illusion and high fashion.
Actress Olive Logan commented that some actors were "marvelously well fitted by nature for it, having well-defined soprano voices, plump shoulders, beardless faces, and tiny hands and feet.
In contrast was the funny old gal, a slapstick role played by a large man in motley clothing and large, flapping shoes. The humor she invoked often turned on the male characters' desire for a woman whom the audience would perceive as unattractive.
Over time, the presence of black women in these shows ushered in a new platform to showcase their talent and tell their own stories of struggle, success, relationships, and womanhood.
Women, such as Ma Rainey, who got her start singing and performing as the "coon shouter" with the Rabbit Foot Minstrels is recognized as one of the innovators of the "Blues" sound.
Rainey's songs spoke to the often difficult experience of black women in the South. These songs were  "filled with emotion and the sad, hard truths about life".
Rainey's raw talent for singing the Blues landed her a record deal in with Paramount Records. With her success as a performer and businesswoman she is named "The Mother of Blues.
Ma Rainey was one of the first successful Black women to emerge from Minstrel shows, but the recording of "Crazy Blues" by Bessie Smith created a huge audience and following and  "essentially created an industry for blues songs recorded by women.
With her success and super stardom she is named "The Empress of Blues. The Christy Minstrels established the basic structure of the minstrel show in the s.
During the first, the entire troupe danced onto stage singing a popular song. Various stock characters always took the same positions: The interlocutor acted as a master of ceremonies and as a dignified, if pompous, straight man.
He had a somewhat aristocratic demeanor, a "codfish aristocrat",  while the endmen exchanged jokes and performed a variety of humorous songs.
One minstrel, usually a tenor , came to specialize in this part; such singers often became celebrities, especially with women.
The second portion of the show, called the olio , was historically the last to evolve, as its real purpose was to allow for the setting of the stage for act three behind the curtain.
It had more of a variety show structure. Performers danced, played instruments, did acrobatics, and demonstrated other amusing talents.
Troupes offered parodies of European-style entertainments, and European troupes themselves sometimes performed. The highlight was when one actor, typically one of the endmen, delivered a faux-black-dialect stump speech , a long oration about anything from nonsense to science, society, or politics, during which the dim-witted character tried to speak eloquently, only to deliver countless malapropisms, jokes, and unintentional puns.
All the while, the speaker moved about like a clown, standing on his head and almost always falling off his stump at some point.
With blackface makeup serving as fool's mask, these stump speakers could deliver biting social criticism without offending the audience,  although the focus was usually on sending up unpopular issues and making fun of blacks' ability to make sense of them.
The afterpiece rounded out the production. In the early days of the minstrel show, this was often a skit set on a Southern plantation that usually included song-and-dance numbers and featured Sambo- and Mammy-type characters in slapstick situations.
The emphasis lay on an idealized plantation life and the happy slaves who lived there. Nevertheless, antislavery viewpoints sometimes surfaced in the guise of family members separated by slavery, runaways, or even slave uprisings.
The humor of these came from the inept black characters trying to perform some element of high white culture. Slapstick humor pervaded the afterpiece, including cream pies to the face, inflated bladders, and on-stage fireworks.
The afterpiece allowed the minstrels to introduce new characters, some of whom became quite popular and spread from troupe to troupe.
The earliest minstrel characters took as their base popular white stage archetypes—frontiersmen, fishermen, hunters, and riverboatsmen whose depictions drew heavily from the tall tale —and added exaggerated blackface speech and makeup.
These Jim Crows and Gumbo Chaffs fought and boasted that they could "wip [their] weight in wildcats" or "eat an alligator".
Eventually, several stock characters emerged. Chief among these were the slave, who often maintained the earlier name Jim Crow, and the dandy, known frequently as Zip Coon, from the song Zip Coon.
An arrogant, ostentatious figure, he dressed in high style and spoke in a series of malaprops and puns that undermined his attempts to appear dignified.
The blackface makeup and illustrations on programs and sheet music depicted them with huge eyeballs, very wide noses, and thick-lipped mouths that hung open or grinned foolishly; one character expressed his love for a woman with "lips so large a lover could not kiss them all at once".
Minstrel characters were often described in animalistic terms, with "wool" instead of hair, "bleating" like sheep, and having "darky cubs" instead of children.
Other claims were that blacks had to drink ink when they got sick "to restore their color" and that they had to file their hair rather than cut it. They were inherently musical, dancing and frolicking through the night with no need for sleep.
Thomas "Daddy" Rice introduced the earliest slave archetype with his song " Jump Jim Crow " and its accompanying dance. Slave characters in general came to be low-comedy types with names that matched the instruments they played: Brudder Tambo or simply Tambo for the tambourine and Brudder Bones or Bones for the bone castanets or bones.
These endmen for their position in the minstrel semicircle were ignorant and poorly spoken, being conned, electrocuted, or run over in various sketches.
They happily shared their stupidity; one slave character said that to get to China, one had only to go up in a balloon and wait for the world to rotate below.
Tambo and Bones's simple-mindedness and lack of sophistication were highlighted by pairing them with a straight man master of ceremonies called the interlocutor.
This character, although usually in blackface,  spoke in aristocratic English and used a much larger vocabulary.
The humor of these exchanges came from the misunderstandings on the part of the endmen when talking to the interlocutor:. Tambo and Bones were favorites of the audience, and their repartee with the interlocutor was for many the best part of the show.
There was an element of laughing with them for the audience, as they frequently made light of the interlocutor's grandiose ways.
The interlocutor was responsible for beginning and ending each segment of the show. To this end, he had to be able to gauge the mood of the audience and know when it was time to move on.
Accordingly, the actor who played the role was paid very well in comparison to other non-featured performers. There were many variants on the slave archetype.
The old darky or old uncle formed the head of the idyllic black family. Like other slave characters, he was highly musical and none-too-bright, but he had favorable aspects like his loving nature and the sentiments he raised regarding love for the aged, ideas of old friendships, and the cohesiveness of the family.
His death and the pain it caused his master was a common theme in sentimental songs. Alternatively, the master could die, leaving the old darky to mourn.
Stephen Foster's "Old Uncle Ned" was the most popular song on this subject. After the Civil War, this character became the most common figure in plantation sketches.
He frequently cried about the loss of his home during the war, only to meet up with someone from the past such as the child of his former master.
The counterpart to the slave was the dandy , a common character in the afterpiece. He was a northern urban black man trying to live above his station by mimicking white, upper-class speech and dress—usually to no good effect.
Their clothing was a ludicrous parody of upper-class dress: They spent their time primping and preening, going to parties, dancing and strutting, and wooing women.
The black soldier became another stock type during the Civil War and merged qualities of the slave and the dandy.
He was acknowledged for playing some role in the war, but he was more frequently lampooned for bumbling through his drills or for thinking his uniform made him the equal of his white counterparts.
He was usually better at retreating than fighting, and, like the dandy, he preferred partying to serious pursuits. Still, his introduction allowed for some return to themes of the breakup of the plantation family.
Non-black stereotypes played a significant role in minstrelsy, and although still performed in blackface, were distinguished by their lack of black dialect.
American Indians before the Civil War were usually depicted as innocent symbols of the pre-industrial world or as pitiable victims whose peaceful existence had been shattered by the encroachment of the white man.
However, as the United States turned its attentions West, American Indians became savage, pagan obstacles to progress. These characters were formidable scalpers to be feared, not ridiculed; any humor in such scenarios usually derived from a black character trying to act like one of the frightful savages.
One sketch began with white men and American Indians enjoying a communal meal in a frontier setting. As the American Indians became intoxicated, they grew more and more antagonistic, and the army ultimately had to intervene to prevent the massacre of the whites.
Even favorably presented American Indian characters usually died tragically. Minstrels caricatured them by their strange language "ching chang chung" , odd eating habits dogs and cats , and propensity for wearing pigtails.
Parodies of Japanese became popular when a Japanese acrobat troupe toured the U. A run of Gilbert and Sullivan 's The Mikado in the mids inspired another wave of Asian characterizations.
The few white characters in minstrelsy were stereotypes of immigrant groups like the Irish and Germans. Irish characters first appeared in the s, portrayed as hotheaded, odious drunkards who spoke in a thick brogue.
However, beginning in the s, many Irishmen joined minstrelsy, and Irish theatergoers probably came to represent a significant part of the audience, so this negative image was muted.
Germans, on the other hand, were portrayed favorably from their introduction to minstrelsy in the s. They were responsible and sensible, though still portrayed as humorous for their large size, hearty appetites, and heavy "Dutch" accents.
Around the time of the s there was a lot of national conflict as to how people viewed African Americans.
Because of that interest in the Negro people, these songs granted the listener new knowledge about African Americans, who were different from themselves, even if the information was prejudiced.
Troupes took advantage of this interest and marketed sheet music of the songs they featured so that viewers could enjoy them at home and other minstrels could adopt them for their act.
How much influence black music had on minstrel performance remains a debated topic. Minstrel music certainly contained some element of black culture, added onto a base of European tradition with distinct Irish and Scottish folk music influences.
Musicologist Dale Cockrell argues that early minstrel music mixed both African and European traditions and that distinguishing black and white urban music during the s is impossible.
The inauthenticity of the music and the Irish and Scottish elements in it are explained by the fact that slaves were rarely allowed to play native African music and therefore had to adopt and adapt elements of European folk music.
Early blackface songs often consisted of unrelated verses strung together by a common chorus. In this pre-Emmett minstrelsy, the music "jangled the nerves of those who believed in music that was proper, respectable, polished, and harmonic, with recognizable melodies.
The minstrel show texts sometimes even mixed black lore, such as stories about talking animals or slave tricksters, with humor from the region southwest of the Appalachians, itself a mixture of traditions from different races and cultures.
African banjo and tambourine with European fiddle and bones  In short, early minstrel music and dance was not true black culture; it was a white reaction to it.
In the late s, a decidedly European structure and high-brow style became popular in minstrel music.